Goal of Scouting
The scouting program is dynamic and adaptable to emerging challenges facing the youth. In recent times, Scouting has concerned itself with such issues as poverty alleviation, emergency response, conflict resolution drug demand reduction and HIV and Aids prevention. Scouting uses the educational approach, which can be described as follows:-
The educational approach mainly aims to:
- Make each child aware of his/her potential, acquire self-confidence and develop assertiveness.
- Make each child able to recognize dangers and to ensure his/her safety.
- Make each child able to choose personal objectives starting from short-term decisions to long term projects.
- Help each child develop positive relationships with peers and with adults and acquire increasing readiness to take responsibilities in the community.
- Help each child to develop progressively a personal set of values.
- Help each child to be progressively responsible for his/her personal development in the various growth areas: physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual.
- Enable each child to understand how to deal with emerging issues like HIV/AIDS, drug abuse and poverty eradication.
- Each child builds his/her own range of strengths
- Key abilities are more easily acquired by a sequenced format/scheme of personal progression.
- Leaders work in a team to be able to assess the needs of each child, help them to set up personal objectives and evaluate their progress.
- Provide developing activities and assessing the results.
Scouting has the commitment to support a process of personal progression for each child, in which there is a beginning – level of development at which a child enters the movement – and the end – point at which measurable benefit to the child must be established. The process will be developed through the following steps:
- Intensive and regular contacts with the young people.
- Recreational activities.
- Providing a healthy environment and intensive socialization through group life and outdoors activities (travels, camp..)
- Following up through contacts with social services, families and tertiary institution, and continued counseling.
This is a system of progressive self-education through the promise and Law, learning by doing, membership of small groups under adult guidance, progressive discovery and acceptance of responsibility and training towards self-government, the development of character and the acquisition of competence, self-reliance dependability and capacities both to co-operate and lead. Progressive and stimulating Programmes of varied activities based on the interests of the participants, including games, useful skills, and services to the community, taking place largely in an outdoors setting in contact with nature. It is the means through which the objectives, purpose and principles of the movement are achieved.
Seven elements of the scout method
1. The Patrol System
The main result of applying the Scout method as a whole is that a special environment is created in the unit in the patrols. This special atmosphere is generated by working in small groups called patrols, usually of 8 members under leadership of an adult (Scout Leader). Patrol System facilitates interaction thus enhancing socialization. They learn to appreciate others. They develop the skills of common understanding. It provides an opportunity for each member to develop responsibility independence, co-operation, leadership skills ans self-governance.
2. Learning by doing
This means that in the patrols and the Scout unit everything is done through activities, which emphasize discovery. It involves active learner centred education – learning by participation.
A Scout is exposed to a succession of congenial activities and achievements largely in outdoor setting and opportunities for serving others.
In dealing with young people, the scout leader must always bear in mind that they remember more of what they do than what they hear.
The activities selected must always be simple and tied to the young people’s personal development objectives.
3. The Progressive Scheme
The Progressive Scheme is the growth pattern for all the members of the movement from cubs to rovers.
It is easy to forget, at times, that what is done in the troop is only a part of a young person’s development. To get the most from Scouting, individuals should ideally do more through all four sections developing as they go.
This is a progressive and stimulatius programme for the youth which allows the scouts to develop and progress in totality at their own pace within the section of scouting they are in. The programme must be stimulating through use of a balance of relevant varied activities based on the scouts interest. The activities are programmed in the badge system.
4. Promise and law.
It is important that Scouts clearly understand the meanings of the Promise and Law and are prepared to accept them because they cannot become members of the movement otherwise.
Every activity undertaken by the Scout must be with the promise and Law at the back of their minds. This will make the Scouts to understand their meaning and make a commitment to live by them.
The Scouts and Scouters on their own free will make a personal commitment to a given code of behavior and accepts before a group of peers, the responsibility to be faithful to the given word and to observe ethical values.
5. Symbolic Framework.
Symbols represent and educate. The role of the symbolic framework is to encourage imagination and developing sensitivity; strengthen the sense of belonging to a community that is pulling in the same direction, give the leaders an attractive way to present scout values and help the young people to identify with them; give cohesion to activities and finally to encourage the achievement of personal objectives and make them important to the young people.
6. Life and Nature.
Nature is the Scouts laboratory. It is more than just trees, rivers and blue skies. Nature is three things in one. Nature is a club, a laboratory and a temple where a Scout can feel close to God and worship Him in their own ways. Contact with nature is intended to contribute to the development of the young person in all of the areas of development in a holistic way; provide an ideal setting in which the Scout method can be applied.
A Scout Leader should always strive to make sure that most, if not all, activities are programmed to take place in an outdoor setting.
7. Relationship between Adults and Young people.
Adults offer invaluable support to the young people in the movement.
They provide financial, human and material support to the young people.
It is of paramount importance to know that the movement is for the young people and that the only point the adults come in is to support.
Logically, therefore, all Scout activities must have the guidance of an adult while the participants must be the young people.